Experts Interpret China’s New Air Defense Identification Zone

Rules for PRC East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone: Xinhua

  • Xinhua
  • 2013-11-23
  • 18:06 (GMT+8)
The East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone announced by the Chinese defense ministry includes the disputed Diaoyutai (Diaoyu or Senkaku) islands controlled by Japan. (Photo/CNS)The East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone announced by  the Chinese defense ministry includes the disputed Diaoyutai (Diaoyu or Senkaku)  islands controlled by Japan. (Photo/CNS)

China’s Ministry of National Defense issued an announcement of the aircraft  identification rules for the East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone of  the People’s Republic of China. Following is the full text:

Announcement of the Aircraft Identification Rules for the East China Sea Air  Defense Identification Zone of the People’s Republic of China

Issued by the Ministry of National Defense on November 23

The Ministry of National Defense of the People’s Republic of China, in  accordance with the Statement by the Government of the People’s Republic of  China on Establishing the East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone, now  announces the Aircraft Identification Rules for the East China Sea Air Defense  Identification Zone as follows:

First, aircraft flying in the East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone  must abide by these rules.

Second, aircraft flying in the East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone  must provide the following means of identification:

1. Flight plan identification. Aircraft flying in the East China Sea Air  Defense Identification Zone should report the flight plans to the Ministry of  Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China or the Civil Aviation  Administration of China.

2. Radio identification. Aircraft flying in the East China Sea Air Defense  Identification Zone must maintain the two-way radio communications, and respond  in a timely and accurate manner to the identification inquiries from the  administrative organ of the East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone or  the unit authorized by the organ.

3. Transponder identification. Aircraft flying in the East China Sea Air  Defense Identification Zone, if equipped with the secondary radar transponder,  should keep the transponder working throughout the entire course.

4. Logo identification. Aircraft flying in the East China Sea Air Defense  Identification Zone must clearly mark their nationalities and the logo of their  registration identification in accordance with related international  treaties.

Third, aircraft flying in the East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone  should follow the instructions of the administrative organ of the East China Sea  Air Defense Identification Zone or the unit authorized by the organ. China’s  armed forces will adopt defensive emergency measures to respond to aircraft that  do not cooperate in the identification or refuse to follow the instructions.

Fourth, the Ministry of National Defense of the People’s Republic of China is  the administrative organ of the East China Sea Air Defense Identification  Zone.

Fifth, the Ministry of National Defense of the People’s Republic of China is  responsible for the explanation of these rules.

Sixth, these rules will come into force at 10 am November 23, 2013.

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Experts interpret China’s new air defense identification zone

  • Xinhua
  • 2013-11-24
  • 17:13 (GMT+8)
A map of the East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone released by China's defense ministry on Nov. 23. (Photo/CNS)A map of the East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone  released by China’s defense ministry on Nov. 23. (Photo/CNS)

Chinese military experts on Saturday said that the establishment of Beijing’s  East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone accords with international common  practices.

Military expert Meng Xiangqing said that a country has the right to decide on  its own whether or how to set up such zones, without getting permission from  other countries, if the move does not violate international laws, breach other  countries’ territorial sovereignty or affect the freedom of flight.

Military expert Yin Zhuo said that China’s establishment of the zone is based  on the need to tackle a more complex security environment, and the move is a  justified act to maintain the sovereignty and security of the country’s  territory and airspace.

Beijing issued a statement Saturday morning on establishing the East China  Sea Air Defense Identification Zone. It also issued an announcement on the  aircraft identification rules and a diagram for the zone.

According to Defense Ministry spokesman Yang Yujun, an air defense  identification zone is established by a maritime nation to guard against  potential air threats. This airspace is demarcated outside the territorial  airspace and allows the country to set aside time for early warning and helps  defend the country’s airspace.

Since the United States established the first air defense identification zone  in 1950, more than 20 countries and regions have set up such zones.

Experts said that the announcement of the details of the East China Sea Air  Defense Identification Zone is an important step in increasing military  transparency.

Zhang Junshe, a military expert, said that the demarcation of the zone will  not only increase the country’s air defense early warning ability, but also  avoid military misjudgements with foreign aircraft.

Foreign aircraft should report their flights and follow other regulations if  they enter the zone, Zhang said. “That is an important measure for the two sides  to understand the situation on the sea and in the airspace in a timely manner,”  he said.

Yin said that based on different situations, China will take timely measures  to deal with air threats and unidentified flying objects from the sea, including  identification, monitoring, control and  disposition.

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