Technological Progress Gave China Confidence To Declare New Air Defense Zone

And perceived U.S./POTUS weakness no doubt as well.
Technological Progress Gave China Confidence To  Declare ADIZ: Analysts
PUBLISHED : Thursday, 28 November, 2013, 3:40am
KJ-2000 early-warning aircraft
Improvements in the People’s Liberation Army’s air surveillance and control  systems helped give Beijing the confidence to create its air defense  identification zone (ADIZ) over the East China Sea, military experts said. China  is the last major power in the region to set up such an identification zone, as  effectively policing the area requires advanced coastal and airborne radar  systems and the capability to track, identify and monitor numerous flying  objects simultaneously. For years, the PLA struggled to obtain such technologies  and develop its own airborne early-warning systems. Western countries put an  embargo on the sale to Beijing of the necessary equipment after the Tiananmen  Square crackdown in 1989.
Nearly a quarter of a century later, the country finally had the hardware  and software
to police its own ADIZ, said Xu Guangyu , a retired PLA general. “The  declaration is not only a testament to China’s awareness of the need to protect  its rights in the air and at sea, it also shows the PLA’s capabilities of  mastering the technology,” Xu said.
“The PLA’s air defense systems have undergone some major upgrades over the  years, achieving improvements in early-warning equipment, air reconnaissance and  surveillance that enable the military to deal with all sorts of foreign flying  objects entering into the Chinese air defense identification zone,” he added.  The centrepieces of China’s new air surveillance system are the airborne  early-warning and control systems developed by the PLA. China is one of only  four countries – Israel, Russia and the United States being the others – to have  mastered such systems. The military unveiled its KJ-200 and KJ-2000  early-warning aircraft in 2009. Beijing has refused to disclose the exact number  of the airplanes in service. Earlier this month, photos of the PLA’s next  generation early-warning aircraft appeared on mainland military websites.
The plane, which military enthusiasts have been calling the KJ-500, is  reportedly smaller and more agile than previous aircraft. Beijing-based naval  expert Li Jie said the early-warning aircraft and other new aircraft had given  the PLA an edge over regional rivals, such as the Japan Self-Defence Forces. “In  terms of the number of aircraft, including the early-warning planes and other  multi-purpose fighter jets, as well as the logistic support in the East China  Sea, the PLA is ahead of the Japan Air Self-Defence Force,” Li said. “Japan’s  airports and missile defence systems in Miyako, Yonaguni and Naha are all far  away from the disputed areas.” Japan has also been upgrading its systems. It  recently adopted advanced radar technology for its four E-767 early-warning  aircraft. Antony Wong Dong, a Macau-based military observer, said Japan’s air  force was more experienced than the PLA’s because of the regular joint drills  between the US and Japanese armies. “The PLA is still on its way of military  modernisation, with all branches taking time to learn how to co-operate with  each other,” he said.

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